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Hubble's Law and Great Cosmic

The universe has been a source of fascination for humanity throughout history, and understanding its vastness and dynamics has been a central pursuit of modern astronomy. One of the most significant breakthroughs in this quest was the discovery of Hubble's law, which provided compelling evidence for the expansion of the universe.


The Discovery of Hubble's Law

In the early 20th century, the prevailing view was that the universe was static and unchanging. However, this perception was challenged by the American astronomer Edwin Hubble. Hubble conducted groundbreaking research in the 1920s that fundamentally altered our understanding of the cosmos.


Hubble made use of a powerful astronomical instrument, the telescope, to observe distant galaxies. By analyzing their light spectra, he made an astonishing discovery: these galaxies were not stationary but were moving away from us.


M. V. B. (2020, April 3). Astronomy - Ch. 26: Hubble Law (1 of 20) Discovery of the Expanding Universe. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCMWoti6s4Q


The Redshift Effect

Hubble's key observation was that the light from these distant galaxies exhibited a phenomenon known as redshift. Redshift occurs when the wavelengths of light are stretched, causing them to shift towards the red end of the spectrum. In the case of Hubble's observations, he observed that the spectral lines of light from these galaxies were shifted towards longer wavelengths, indicating that they were moving away from us.


Hubble formulated a simple mathematical relationship that described the correlation between the redshift of galaxies and their distance from Earth. This relationship is now known as Hubble's Law and can be expressed by the equation:


v = H₀ × d


Where:

  • v represents the velocity at which a galaxy is moving away from us;

  • H₀ (Hubble's constant) is a constant of proportionality, representing the rate of expansion of the universe;

  • d represents the distance of the galaxy from Earth.



Hubble proved, that the universe is not static, it's expanding. Hubble's law supports the Big Bang theory too, If the universe is expanding, it is logical that millions and billions of years ago it was a much smaller, tiny, hot, and dense point. By measuring the rate of cosmic expansion (Hubble's constant) and extrapolating backward in time, scientists have estimated the age of the universe to be around 13.8 billion years. This estimate aligns with other cosmological evidence and has revolutionized our understanding of the universe's history.

Hubble's work has left an indelible mark on the field of astronomy and continues to inspire scientists and enthusiasts alike as they explore the mysteries of the universe.

D. B. (2017, August 23). Classroom Aid - Hubble’s Law. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TI09UvbBmLk

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