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Introduction to Weather and Climate!

People often confuse weather with climate, but they're actually quite different. In this article, we'll be exploring the world in the clouds. Hope you all enjoy!

Creator: Songsak Plodpao / Eyeem | Credit: Getty Images/EyeEm

What is weather?

Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere in terms of hotness or coldness, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.

What is climate?

Climate is the long term weather conditions in a specific area.

Ways to measure weather:




​Thermometers are used to measure temperature in the atmosphere. It is one of the most important weather element because it can help predict weather patterns.


​Rainfall measures the the amount of rain water that reaches the ground over a certain amount of time. Rainfall is measured using rain gauges.

Wind speed & Wind direction

Wind direction is measured using a wind vane and wind speed is measured using an anemometer. Wind direction tells us where the wind is blowing from. Wind speed tells us how strong the wind is by showing us the rate of which the air is moving in a particular area.


​Humidity shows how much water vapor is stored in the air. The higher the huminity, the more saturated the air is. Humidity is usually high when it's foggy or when it's raining. We use a hygrometer to measure humidity.

What are clouds?

Clouds are masses of water drops or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere that form when water condenses in the sky.

What is depression?

Depression in weather is extremely different from the sad depression that we all know. In weathering and climate terms, an area of low pressure is called a depression . Air rises in a depression so clouds and rainfall are formed. Depressions therefore bring unsettled weather and rain. An example of a place with high depression is the UK.

What are weather fronts?

A weather front is a boundary separating air masses with characteristics such as air density, wind, and humidity. Disturbed weather often arises from the differences of these characteristics.

How do weather fronts affect the weather?

A weather front passing over an area causes a change in the weather. Many fronts cause weather events such as rain, thunderstorms, gusty winds, and tornadoes.



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